Complete Guide to Voting in India: Election Process, Voter ID Download, and Eligible Identity Cards

By Manu Singh

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Complete Guide to Voting in India

General elections are schedule to starts from 19 april to 1 June in India. Every Indian has the right to vote for their preferred candidates who contest in the 2024 Voting process. It is a fundamental right of every person in India to vote because voting is an essential aspect of democracy. The right to vote is given to every citizen of India. By voting, individuals can use their democratic rights and choose their preferred representatives to take decisions for country. Voting process promote the representation and inclusivity in Politics.

Every eligible citizen has the right to vote in India, no matter what their caste, background, socio-economic status is. Everyone has an equal right to vote. If you are eligible for voting in India, but do not know the way to vote, then you should read this article. Here, we tell you about the voting process in India, the election process, download your voter ID card, and eligibility identity cards for voting.

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Voting and its importance

Voting is an important part of our country because it helps people choose the deserving representative for their country. A representative not only represents their party but also the entire country. The winner of elections are become face of Prime Ministry of country. Here is the importance of voting in India

  • By voting, people can find their preferred leader to take action and make decisions for the betterment of the country.
  • The voting process in India helps citizens to participate in political decisions directly, and gives power to deserving to participate.
  • Voting is the main foundation that shapes the country’s landscape
  • Voting provides a fair and straight electoral process in India, so nobody faces injustice and inequality
  • The fair voting system helps to established a system that consists of social and political equality
  • By voting, Indian citizens get the opportunity to participate in political matters directly
  • The citizens contribute to the country’s growth by vote their representative
  • It allows citizens to raise their problems and concerns about the politics system and makes government more effective
  • The more voters in the country, the better credibility results
  • Every individual can fulfill their duty to the constitution by participate in the voting system

Election Process

Here is the step by step election process, you should know to understand voting in India.

Election schedule

First, the election dates are announced by ECI. These are publicized widely by the media. Link

Voter registration

Keep in your mind that you are registered for vote. It means you should meet the voting eligibility criteria to become eligible for a vote. For this, you should register yourself at the National Voters Service Portal Online ( NVSP) and become a voter.

Check your name in electoral poll

After you register, you should verify your name on the electoral roll at electoral search.

How to download a Voter ID card

If your name is mentioned in the voter list, then it means you are eligible as a voter and able to download your voter ID card. Your voter cards are known as elector photo identity cards ( EPIC). You can easily download the voter ID from the official ECI website. To download it, you should enter your details like name, date of birth and constituency name. If you have your EPIC Number, then you can download your voter ID card by following these steps.

  • Login to
  • Call on voter helpline number, 1950
  • Test to government, type SMS with space EPI number to 1950.

In this way, you can get your voter ID card on your number and download it easily. It is suggested that voters must carry this ID card while participate in the voting process.

How to vote in India

As we all know, India is a democratic country, and elections are held after every 5 years. While voting, it is suggested to Indian citizens to follow the necessary steps. Here are the steps that will help you to vote in India

  • You should meet all requirements that the election commission gives
  • You should apply for voting registration before start vote
  • It is also suggested that the citizen must have knowledge about polling stations before voting for their representative
  • Then, you need to find a polling location where you have to vote. Polling stations are different every year
  • Once you find it, you should join the queue and wait for your turn to vote. Once you get a chance, you should go through a voting process
  • You should vote on the EVM machine according to the party for which you vote
  • Once you cast your vote properly, the officer marks your finger with ink, which is proof that you have already cast your vote 

Eligible Identification Cards

To vote in 2024, if you do not have your voter ID card, then ECI permits you to use other identification cards. Here are all eligible identification cards through which you can vote

Identification CardIssued By
Aadhaar CardUIDAI
PAN CardIncome Tax Department
Driving LicenseState RTO
PassportMinistry of External Affairs
MGNREGA Job CardMinistry of Rural Development
Health Insurance Smart CardMinistry of Labour and Employment
Pension Document with PhotographGovernment Departments
Official Identity Cards for MPs/MLAs/MLCsGovernment of India

Manu Singh

Manu Singh is an excellent writer and has three years of experience in writing articles related to government schemes. And He is currently contributing to